Scientific name: Arbutus menziesii**
Native American names: Salinan, Miwok, Pomo (Californian coast)
Plant family: Ericaceae
Description: Pacific madrone trees are evergreens with peeling reddish bark that can grow to 30 meters, but usually grow to shorter heights depending on their environment. The alternate and oval leaves are about 15 cm long and are dark and waxy green on top and lighter green below. The trees have hanging clusters of white flowers that turn into bright small red berries. Pacific madrone trees are habitats for many birds.
Habitat and Range: Arbutus menziesii grows at low to middle elevations in dry soils that have low-nitrogen levels. It is often found near Douglas firs and Garry oaks up and down the Pacific coast of the United States of America and Canada.
Native Americans use the berries to make cider, use the bark to make tea that helps cure colds and sore throats, and the leaves can also be chewed to reduce stomache and cramp pain. The bark is very easy to obtain for making tea because it peels off, however reaching it can be difficult.
**Arbutus menziesii receives the “menziesii” part of its name from a European explorer named Menzies.